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Influence of Sn content on PtSn/C catalysts for electrooxidation of C1–C3 alcohols: Synthesis, characterization, and electrocatalytic activity

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
48264 46498 2008 14 PDF Available
Title
Influence of Sn content on PtSn/C catalysts for electrooxidation of C1–C3 alcohols: Synthesis, characterization, and electrocatalytic activity
Abstract

A series of carbon-supported bimetallic PtSn catalysts for the electrooxidation of C1–C3 alcohols (i.e., methanol (C1), ethanol (C2), and 1-propanol (C3)) were prepared with different Pt:Sn atomic ratios using borohydride reduction method combined with freeze-drying procedure at room temperature. The catalysts were investigated by employing various physicochemical analyses: X-ray diffraction (XRD), transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and extended X-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS) to investigate the structural modification, and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and X-ray absorption-near-edge spectroscopy (XANES) to characterize the change in electronic features. The variation of Sn content by forming PtSn alloys causes significant structural and electronic modifications of Pt crystallites, resulting in increases of lattice parameter and decreases of the Pt 5d band vacancies with Sn content. Cyclic voltammetry (CV) measurements showed that the addition of Sn into the Pt catalyst promotes the electro-catalytic activities for the electrooxidations of C1, C2, and C3 alcohols, in which the maximum activities appeared at different Sn contents for the C1–C3 alcohols. In particular, a shift in optimum Pt:Sn composition was observed in that the Sn content required to reach the maximum peak current density was increased with the increasing number of carbon atoms in the C1–C3 alcohols. Both the geometric and electronic effects with variation of Sn content are in close relationship in the bimetallic PtSn catalysts, consequently affecting the electrocatalytic activities by showing volcano-type behaviors over the electrooxidation of the individual alcohol.

Keywords
PtSn catalyst; Electrooxidation; Methanol; Ethanol; 1-propanol; Fuel cells; Biomass
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Influence of Sn content on PtSn/C catalysts for electrooxidation of C1–C3 alcohols: Synthesis, characterization, and electrocatalytic activity
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis B: Environmental - Volume 82, Issues 1–2, 16 July 2008, Pages 89–102
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
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Any Questions? feel free to contact us