Combining non-thermal plasma with heterogeneous catalysis in waste gas treatment: A review
Plasma driven catalysis is a promising technology for waste gas treatment characterized by higher energy efficiencies, high mineralization rates and low by-product formation. The combination of heterogeneous catalysts with non-thermal plasma can be operated in two configurations: positioning the catalyst in the discharge zone (in-plasma catalysis) or downflow the discharge zone (post plasma catalysis).In a first part of the review, changes of plasma properties resulting from the introduction of catalyst material are discussed. It has been reported that discharge types can even change. Accordingly, it was reported that microdischarges are formed within the catalyst pores. Changing plasma characteristics can eventually result in enhanced production of new active species, increasing the oxidizing power of the plasma discharge.In a second part, it is discussed that plasma discharges also affect catalyst properties such as a change in chemical composition, enhancement in surface area or change of catalytic structure. These phenomena partially explain why catalyst adsorption kinetics of airborne pollutants are affected when exposed to plasma discharges.It is also reviewed that the synergy of combining plasma with catalysts can not only be attributed to the production of new reactive species. Also plasma photon emission or thermal hot-spots can initiate catalytic pollutant oxidation reactions.To conclude, an overview of recently published manuscripts concerning plasma catalysis for volatile organic compounds abatement is given. It is also discussed why heterogeneous plasma catalysis has high potential for the simultaneous abatement of NOx and hydrocarbons.
Journal: Applied Catalysis B: Environmental - Volume 78, Issues 3–4, 7 February 2008, Pages 324–333