Dechlorination kinetics of monochlorobiphenyls by Fe/Pd: Effects of solvent, temperature, and PCB concentration
Well-known, yet undefined, changes in the conditions and activity of palladized zerovalent iron (Fe/Pd) over an extended period of time hindered a careful study of dechlorination kinetics in long-term experiments. A short-term experimental method was, therefore, developed to study the effects of temperature and solvent on the dechlorination of monochlorobiphenyls (MCBs), 2-chlorobiphenyl (2-ClBP), in particular by Fe/Pd. The experiments started with specified initial conditions and lasted only for 10 min. The average value (k) of the first-order rate constant for the dechlorination of 2-ClBP was 0.13 ± 0.03 L m−2 h−1, not significantly different from the average values for 3-chlorobiphenyl and 4-chlorobiphenyl. The apparent activation energy was 20 ± 4 kJ mol−1 and 17 ± 7 kJ mol−1, in a temperature range between 4 °C and 60 °C, for the dechlorination of 2-ClBP using two batches of Fe/Pd catalyst. The k values decreased significantly in mixtures with a methanol concentration higher than 10%. The values of the rate constant were slightly influenced by the initial concentrations in the experiments at a low temperature and in a solution with a high methanol concentration. The concentration dependence was described with a Langmuir equation, based on the Langmuir–Hinshelwood mechanism that includes an adsorption step of a single species preceding a rate-determining catalytic reaction.
Journal: Applied Catalysis B: Environmental - Volume 78, Issues 3–4, 7 February 2008, Pages 371–380