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Mesoporous H3PW12O40-silica composite: Efficient and reusable solid acid catalyst for the synthesis of diphenolic acid from levulinic acid

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
48371 46504 2008 10 PDF Available
Title
Mesoporous H3PW12O40-silica composite: Efficient and reusable solid acid catalyst for the synthesis of diphenolic acid from levulinic acid
Abstract

Mesoporous H3PW12O40-silica composite catalysts with controllable H3PW12O40 loadings (4.0–65.1%) were prepared by a direct sol–gel–hydrothermal technique in the presence of triblock poly(ethylene oxide)-poly(propylene oxide)-poly(ethylene oxide) copolymer. Powder X-ray diffraction (XRD) patterns and nitrogen sorption analysis indicate the formation of well-defined mesoporous materials. With H3PW12O40 loading lower than 20%, the materials exhibit larger BET surface area (604.5–753.0 m2 g−1), larger and well-distributed pore size (6.1–8.6 nm), larger pore volume (0.75–1.2 cm3 g−1), and highly dispersed Keggin unit throughout the materials. Raman scattering spectroscopy studies confirm that the primary Keggin structure remained intact after formation of the composites. As a novel kind of reusable solid acid catalyst, as-prepared H3PW12O40-silica composite was applied for the synthesis of diphenolic acid (DPA) from biomass platform molecule, levulinic acid (LA), under solvent-free condition, and remarkably high catalytic activity and stability were observed.

Keywords
Diphenolic acid; Biomass platform molecule; Levulinic acid; Mesoporous materials; Heteropoly acids; Sol−gel
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Mesoporous H3PW12O40-silica composite: Efficient and reusable solid acid catalyst for the synthesis of diphenolic acid from levulinic acid
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis B: Environmental - Volume 81, Issues 3–4, 24 June 2008, Pages 182–191
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us