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Structure and performance of a novel TiO2-phosphonate composite photocatalyst

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
48379 46504 2008 9 PDF Available
Title
Structure and performance of a novel TiO2-phosphonate composite photocatalyst
Abstract

An innovative SiO2-PO43−-TiO2 photocatalyst is presented which is able to bond TiO2 to Raschig rings (RR). Evidence for the formation on the catalyst surface of PO stretching bands near 1200–1250 cm−1 is presented by FTIR spectroscopy. The TiO2 Degussa P25 on the catalyst surface (RR) was further characterized by high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM), and X-ray diffraction showing that the composite catalyst prepared at 500 °C does not alter the particle size or crystallographic composition of the TiO2 Degussa P25 particles. The Ti- and P-distribution of the catalyst surface overlayers was obtained by Ar-sputtering eroding up to 100 topmost catalyst layers. By atomic force microscopy (AFM) the root mean square roughness (Rq) or rugosity of ∼771 nm and an average height of the catalyst layer of 1.52 μm were found on the glass surface. The root mean square roughness Rq varies very little in value before and after the photocatalysis indicating that the sample porosity is conserved during 4-CP photodegradation. The disappearance kinetics of 4-chlorophenol (4-CP) on the SiO2-PO43−-TiO2 composite occurred within 15 min and was faster than the 45 min needed with suspensions of TiO2 Degussa P25 (1 g L−1). The SiO2-PO43−-TiO2 photocatalyst was able to degrade repetitively 4-CP solutions without loss of activity. The effect of the light intensity, oxidant concentration and 4-CP concentration on the photodegradation kinetics was investigated and is reported in this study.

Keywords
Photocatalysis; SiO2-PO43−-TiO2 composite photocatalyst; IR; Electron microscopy (HRTEM); XPS; NMR; Atomic force microscopy (AFM); Elemental analysis (EA); 4-Chlorophenol (4-CP)
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Structure and performance of a novel TiO2-phosphonate composite photocatalyst
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis B: Environmental - Volume 81, Issues 3–4, 24 June 2008, Pages 258–266
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
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Price was $35.95
You save - $31
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Full-text PDF Download
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