High catalytic activity and stability of Pd doped hexaaluminate catalysts for the CH4 catalytic combustion
In this work, different procedures, namely carbonate coprecipitation and modified solid–solid diffusion, were used to prepare hexaaluminate samples, unsupported or supported onto θ-Al2O3. These samples were used as catalyst for the methane total oxidation as synthesized or after impregnation of 1 wt% Pd. It was observed that the modified solid–solid diffusion procedure is an efficient method to obtain the hexaaluminate structure. At a theoretical ratio x of hexaaluminate onto Al2O3 less than 0.6 (xLa0.2Sr0.3Ba0.5MnAl11O19 + (1−x)·Al2O3, with x = 0.25, 0.60), samples with high specific surface area and θ-Al2O3 structure are then obtained. Large differences in catalytic activity can be observed among the series of sample synthesized. All the pure oxide samples (i.e. without palladium) present low catalytic activity for methane total oxidation compared to a reference Pd/Al2O3 catalyst. The highest activity was obtained for the samples presenting a θ-Al2O3 structure (with x = 0.60) and a high surface area. Impregnation of 1 wt% palladium resulted in an increase in catalytic activity, for all the solids synthesized in this work. Even if the lowest light-off temperature was obtained on the reference sample, similar methane conversions at high temperature (700 °C) were obtained on the stabilized θ-Al2O3 solids (x = 0.25, 0.60). Moreover, the reference sample is found to strongly deactivate with reaction time at the temperature of test (700 °C), due to a progressive reduction of the PdOx active phase into the less active Pd° phase, whereas excellent stabilities in reaction were obtained on the pure and palladium-doped hexaaluminate and supported θ-Al2O3 samples. This clearly showed the beneficial effect of the support for the stabilization of the PdOx active phase at high reaction temperature. These properties are discussed in term of oxygen transfer from the support to the palladium particle. Oxygen transfer is directly related to the Mn3+/Mn2+ redox properties (in the case of the hexaaluminate and stabilized θ-Al2O3 samples), that allows a fast reoxidation of the metal palladium sites since palladium sites reoxidation cannot occur directly by gaseous dioxygen adsorption and dissociation on the surface.
Journal: Applied Catalysis B: Environmental - Volume 77, Issues 3–4, 10 January 2008, Pages 237–247