Efficient degradation of 4-nitrophenol by using functionalized porphyrin-TiO2 photocatalysts under visible irradiation
The novel porphyrins 5,10,15,20-tetra-[4-(3-phenoxy)-propoxy]phenyl porphyrin, H2Pp(a) and 5,10,15,20-tetra-[2-(3-phenoxy)-propoxy]phenyl porphyrin, H2Pp(b) and their corresponding copper(II) complexes CuPp(a), CuPp(b) were synthesized and characterized by using various spectroscopic techniques. The photocatalytic activity of polycrystalline TiO2 samples impregnated with H2Pp(a), H2Pp(b), CuPp(a) and CuPp(b) as sensitizers have been investigated by carrying out the photo-degradation of 4-nitrophenol (4-NP) as a probe reaction in aqueous suspension and under visible light. The maximum photocatalytic activity was obtained using TiO2 loaded with a monolayer of the copper porphyrin CuPp(b) in the amount of 18 μmol per gram of TiO2.The photocatalytic efficiency decreased in the following order: TiO2-CuPp(b), TiO2-CuPp(a), TiO2-H2Pp(b), TiO2-H2Pp(a). A possible mechanism of the photocatalytic degradation is also proposed.
Journal: Applied Catalysis B: Environmental - Volume 76, Issues 3–4, 15 November 2007, Pages 218–226