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The states of gold species in CeO2 supported gold catalyst for formaldehyde oxidation

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
48461 46508 2008 7 PDF Available
Title
The states of gold species in CeO2 supported gold catalyst for formaldehyde oxidation
Abstract

To develop HCHO oxidation catalysts which work at moderate temperatures, a series of Au/CeO2 catalysts with a gold content below 0.85 wt.% were prepared by co-precipitation and subsequent calcinations at 300 °C. Oxidation of formaldehyde on these catalysts at temperatures close to 100 °C was conducted, and the structures of catalysts were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and transmission electronic microscopy (TEM) techniques. Gold exists in highly dispersed crystallite clusters in these catalysts, and we did not observe any gold crystals larger than 2–3 nm. In contrast, the CeO2 support is well crystallized, the fringes from (1 1 1) lattice plane of the support CeO2 are very clear in the TEM image. Gold crystals with a mean size of about 10 nm formed in a sample containing 0.78 wt.% of gold (0.78Au) when it was calcinated at 400 °C for 2 h. However, the formation of larger gold crystals causes a decrease in the catalytic activity. It appears that the highly dispersed gold catalyst provides more active sites for the HCHO oxidation. When the sample 0.78Au was calcined at 700 °C for 2 h, large gold particles (≥50 nm) appeared and the activity for HCHO oxidation decreased further but was still better than that of ceria. XRD and XPS results show an interesting fact that some of gold was incorporated into lattice of ceria.

Keywords
Gold catalyst; Formaldehyde oxidation; Indoor air pollution; Ceria support; TEM analysis
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The states of gold species in CeO2 supported gold catalyst for formaldehyde oxidation
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis B: Environmental - Volume 79, Issue 2, 28 February 2008, Pages 142–148
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
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Price was $35.95
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Price after discount Only $4.95
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