Thioacetamide and thiourea impact on visible light activity of TiO2
Visible-light activated titanium dioxide photocatalysts were prepared by hydrolysis of titanium (IV) isopropoxide with thioacetamide or thiourea, followed by calcinations at 450 °C. The experiments demonstrated that phenol and 4-chlorophenol in aqueous solutions were successfully degraded under visible light (λ > 400 nm) using doped TiO2. The major effort was aimed at evaluation of the effect of thioacetamide and thiourea amount (from 0.5 to 5 wt%) used during synthesis on the photodegradation efficiency. It was found that thioacetamide and thiourea dosage of 5% in doped TiO2 resulted in the most pronounced photocatalytic activity––phenol was photooxided in 93 and 97% within 60 min, respectively. Gradual loss of photoactivity was observed due to ageing of modified TiO2––even 70% after six months of storage.The catalyst powder was characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), X-ray photoelectron emission spectroscopy (XPS) and UV–vis absorption measurements. For TiO2 modified with thiourea, light absorption in the visible region gradually increased with the increasing dopant content.
Journal: Applied Catalysis B: Environmental - Volume 76, Issues 1–2, 30 October 2007, Pages 1–8