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Effect of suspended TiO2 physicochemical characteristics on benzene derivatives photocatalytic degradation

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
48519 46511 2008 11 PDF Available
Title
Effect of suspended TiO2 physicochemical characteristics on benzene derivatives photocatalytic degradation
Abstract

Seven different TiO2 samples suitable for water detoxification were systematically characterized according to their physicochemical properties. Except for one mixed catalyst anatase–rutile from Degussa P25, all photocatalysts had a pure anatase crystalline phase. The particle size of the TiO2 samples varied from about 5 to 700 nm and was inversely correlated with the BET specific surface area (ABET). Surface properties of colloidal suspensions measured by electroacoustic methods were evaluated at different pH values. The aggregate size appeared to be dependent on the pH value of the solution. The isoelectric point (IEP) of the TiO2 samples ranged from very acidic (IEP < 3) to neutral values.Four benzene derivatives were chosen as model pollutants to assess the TiO2 samples efficiency on water detoxification.The organic degradation kinetics were influenced in a different way by the TiO2 characteristics. The surface charge of TiO2 samples was found to affect significantly the organic degradation kinetics. Indeed, the compounds degradation was greatly enhanced by acidic TiO2. Moreover, the compounds primary degradation and the total mineralization were affected differently by the ABET. The primary degradation kinetics of strongly adsorbed pollutants, i.e. those containing a carboxyl group, benzoic acid (BA) and 4-hydroxybenzoic acid (HBA), is enhanced by large ABET, whereas phenol and 4-nitrophenol (NP) degradation was not. On the other hand, a small ABET was not advantageous, and there is an optimum value for an efficient total organic carbon (TOC) removal. In addition, the mixed crystalline structure, Degussa P25, showed a higher photoactivity than pure anatase TiO2, as generally accepted and reported in previous studies.

Keywords
Water detoxification; TiO2 photoactivity; Benzoic acid; 4-Hydrobenzoic acid; Phenol; 4-Nitrophenol
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Effect of suspended TiO2 physicochemical characteristics on benzene derivatives photocatalytic degradation
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis B: Environmental - Volume 78, Issues 1–2, 17 January 2008, Pages 19–29
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
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Any Questions? feel free to contact us