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Microwave-enhanced catalytic degradation of 4-chlorophenol over nickel oxides

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
48532 46511 2008 7 PDF Available
Title
Microwave-enhanced catalytic degradation of 4-chlorophenol over nickel oxides
Abstract

A mix-valenced nickel oxide was obtained from nickel nitrate aqueous solution through a precipitation with sodium hydroxide and an oxidation by sodium hypochlorite. Furthermore, the oxide was heated under microwave-assisted to fabricate a high-active mix-valenced nickel oxide (assigned as NiOx). Pure nickel oxide was obtained from the NiOx by calcination at 300, 400 and 500 °C (labeled as C300, C400 and C500, respectively). They were characterized by thermogravimetry (TG), X-ray diffraction (XRD), infrared spectroscopy (IR), temperature-programmed reduction (TPR), nitrogen adsorption at 196 °C and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Their catalytic activities towards the degradation of 4-chlorophenol were further studied under continuous bubbling of air through the liquid phase. Also, the effects of pH, temperature and kinds of nickel oxide on the efficiency of the microwave-enhanced catalytic degradation (MECD) of 4-chlorophenol have been investigated. The results showed that the 4-chlorophenol had degraded completely into harmless products (CO2·H2O and mineral acids) within 5 min of investigation, under pH 7 and T = 70 °C over the fabricated NiOx.

Keywords
Nickel oxide; Microwave; Degradation of 4-chlorophenol
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Microwave-enhanced catalytic degradation of 4-chlorophenol over nickel oxides
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis B: Environmental - Volume 78, Issues 1–2, 17 January 2008, Pages 151–157
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
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Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
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