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Evaluation of catalytic properties of tungsten carbide for the anode of microbial fuel cells

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
48596 46514 2007 9 PDF Available
Title
Evaluation of catalytic properties of tungsten carbide for the anode of microbial fuel cells
Abstract

In this communication we discuss the properties of tungsten carbide, WC, as anodic electrocatalyst for microbial fuel cell application. The electrocatalytic activity of tungsten carbide is evaluated in the light of its preparation procedure, its structural properties as well as the pH and the composition of the anolyte solution and the catalyst load. The activity of the noble-metal-free electrocatalyst towards the oxidation of several common microbial fermentation products (hydrogen, formate, lactate, ethanol) is studied for microbial fuel cell conditions (e.g., pH 5, room temperature and ambient pressure). Current densities of up to 8.8 mA cm−2 are achieved for hydrogen (hydrogen saturated electrolyte solution), and up to 2 mA cm−2 for formate and lactate, respectively. No activity was observed for ethanol electrooxidation.The electrocatalytic activity and chemical stability of tungsten carbide is excellent in acidic to pH neutral potassium chloride electrolyte solutions, whereas higher phosphate concentrations at neutral pH support an oxidative degradation.

Keywords
Tungsten carbide; Microbial fuel cell; Biofuel cell; Biohydrogen; Formate oxidation; Lactate
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Evaluation of catalytic properties of tungsten carbide for the anode of microbial fuel cells
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis B: Environmental - Volume 74, Issues 3–4, 31 July 2007, Pages 261–269
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
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Price was $35.95
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