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Hydrogen production from crude pyrolysis oil by a sequential catalytic process

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
48692 46518 2007 12 PDF Available
Title
Hydrogen production from crude pyrolysis oil by a sequential catalytic process
Abstract

A sequential process aiming at hydrogen production was studied over two Ni-based catalysts, using crude beech-wood oil as the feed. The process alternates cracking/reforming steps, during which a H2 + CO rich stream is produced and carbon is stored on the catalyst, with regeneration steps where the carbon is combusted under oxygen. The two catalysts exhibited good performances for H2 production from bio-oil, the gaseous products stream consisting in 45–50% H2. The regeneration step was found fast and efficient, the coke being readily combusted and the catalyst activity fully recovered. A positive heat balance between the endothermic cracking/reforming reactions and the exothermic coke combustion suggests that an autothermal process could be designed. Comparison of the thermal decomposition of bio-oil (empty reactor) with the catalytic cracking revealed that they are first decomposed into primary light gases (CO, CO2, CH4, C2+) and soots. These compounds are further reformed onto the catalyst by the steam contained in bio-oil, and equilibrated via the WGS reaction. The key roles of the catalyst are therefore (i) to improve the overall bio-oil gasification into syngas, (ii) to promote steam reactions and increase hydrogen production by steam reforming and WGS and (iii) to control and determine the nature of the coke formed during the cracking/reforming step. A Ni/Al2O3 catalyst with large Ni particles was found to promote the formation of carbon filaments, whereas on a Ni–K/La2O3–Al2O3 catalyst, with a lower Ni loading and highly dispersed Ni, the carbon was essentially deposited as an amorphous carbon layer.

Keywords
Bio-oil; Pyrolysis oil; Hydrogen; Sequential catalytic cracking/reforming; Supported Ni; Coking; Regeneration
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis B: Environmental - Volume 73, Issues 1–2, 24 April 2007, Pages 116–127
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us