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Solar water disinfection by photocatalytic singlet oxygen production in heterogeneous medium

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
48734 46520 2006 9 PDF Available
Title
Solar water disinfection by photocatalytic singlet oxygen production in heterogeneous medium
Abstract

Water disinfection in isolated rural areas of less-developed countries poses specific problems since operational expenses must be low, chemicals are not easily deployable and qualification of operators is scarce. Therefore, alternative technologies to the widespread chlorination have been considered for household use. We have evaluated the viability of a photocatalytic process for bacteria inactivation with sunlight, affordable 0.8 m2 compound parabolic collectors (CPC) and an UV–vis absorbing ruthenium (II) tris–chelate complex immobilised (2 g m−2) onto porous silicone as singlet molecular oxygen generator. We have tested the efficiency of two CPC prototypes with different configuration of the photosensitising material, namely, a coaxial- and a fin-type one. Mineral water flowing at 2 L min−1 and spiked with Escherichia coli or Enterococcus faecalis was subject to the photocatalytic treatment for 5 h (a 0.6–0.8 MJ m−2 L−1 dose of 360–700 nm sunlight radiation at 40°N latitude). Using the fin-type reactor under these conditions, the bacterial survival for 104 to 102 CFU mL−1 initial concentrations drop to ca. 1% and 0.1% for E. coli and E. faecalis, respectively. The average disinfection rates are similar with both photoreactor designs, regardless the bacteria used (ca. 2 × 104 and 2 × 106 CFU L−1 h−1 for the low and the high initial levels of bacteria, respectively). The novel systems are comparable to or better than solid-supported TiO2 photocatalysts at inactivating waterborne bacteria.

Keywords
Solar water disinfection; Ruthenium catalyst; Solar collector; Singlet oxygen
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis B: Environmental - Volume 69, Issues 1–2, 1 December 2006, Pages 1–9
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us