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Performance of a three-stage aerobic RBC reactor in food canning wastewater treatment

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
4879 253 2006 6 PDF Available
Title
Performance of a three-stage aerobic RBC reactor in food canning wastewater treatment
Abstract

Biological treatment using attached growth in a three-stage lab-scale rotating biological contactor (RBC) was implemented for wastewater from food cannery industries. The wastewater contained high level of organic compounds due to fish and fruit cleaning, cooking and filling processes. Nutrients available in the wastewater enhanced the growth of microorganisms and allowed the biological treatment to be effective. The RBC consisted of 54 parallel discs rotating in a reservoir and was arranged in three stages, i.e. 18 discs oriented in each stage. Effect of major operating and physical variables such as hydraulic retention time (HRT), disc submergence and disc rotational speed were examined in COD removal. For duration of 5 days, 96.4% BOD removal was achieved in batch experiment. BOD constant rate (k) and ultimate BOD were determined respectively, 0.8198 day−1 and 6349 mg/l by Thomas graphical method. COD removal efficiency was increased from 85.3 to 97.4% while the HRT was increased from 24 to 48 h. The COD removal efficiency increased from 74.9 to 87.5% as the disc submergence was increased from 31 to 36%. At submergence level of 23.7%, removal efficiency was increased due to activation of second and third compartments. When the rotational speed was increased from 3 to 11 rpm, the COD removal efficiency was also increased from 62.7 to 93.7%, respectively. The stage COD removal efficiency was gradually decreased with an increase number of stage and about 88% of organic compounds were removed in the first stage of aerobic RBC, indicating that the single stage reactor may be sufficient in practical application.

Keywords
Three-stage RBC; Food canning wastewater; Disc submergence; Rotational speed; Ultimate BOD
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Performance of a three-stage aerobic RBC reactor in food canning wastewater treatment
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biochemical Engineering Journal - Volume 30, Issue 3, 25 June 2006, Pages 297–302
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us