Millisecond step-scan FT-IR transmission spectroscopy under transient reaction conditions: CO oxidation over Pt/Al2O3
Time-resolved FT-IR spectra of CO oxidation over Pt/Al2O3 catalysts were collected in situ in transmission mode under transient reaction conditions. Using the step-scan acquisition mode of a commercial FT-IR spectrometer, time-resolution of a few milliseconds, compared to several hundred milliseconds in the normal rapid-scan mode, could be achieved. The experiments were triggered by reproducible oxygen gas pulses at constant temperature. Infrared light transmission, uniform heating and fast gas exchange were realized by pressing the pure catalyst powder onto a thin stainless steel wire mesh using a low volume reaction cell. By comparing the results of both acquisition modes, rapid-scan and step-scan, we will demonstrate, that it is possible, in a rather simple way, to investigate heterogeneously catalysed reactions under reaction conditions by means of FT-IR spectroscopy with time-resolutions down to a few milliseconds, and, in principle, lower. CO oxidation between 443 and 573 K over 1%Pt/γ-Al2O3 and 4%Pt/γ-Al2O3 catalysts has been investigated as a test reaction. By using the high time-resolution of the step-scan acquisition mode we could obtain new details of the dynamics of the CO oxidation reaction over a supported Pt catalyst at high temperatures and 1 atm pressure.
Journal: Applied Catalysis B: Environmental - Volume 70, Issues 1–4, 31 January 2007, Pages 294–304