fulltext.study @t Gmail

Screening of amorphous metal–phosphate catalysts for the oxidative dehydrogenation of ethylbenzene to styrene

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
48848 46522 2007 10 PDF Available
Title
Screening of amorphous metal–phosphate catalysts for the oxidative dehydrogenation of ethylbenzene to styrene
Abstract

The gas-phase oxidative dehydrogenation of ethylbenzene to styrene was carried out by using as catalyst a series of metal phosphates (Al, Fe, Ni, Ca and Mn) and stoichiometric (Al/Fe = Al/Ca = 1) mixed systems: FeAl(PO4)2 and Ca3Al3(PO4)5, that were prepared by an ammonia gelation method. Their amorphous character was determined through several physical methods: nitrogen adsorption, DRIFT and XRD patterns. These results were compared to those obtained with 24 commercial inorganic solids (several metal oxides, sulfates and phosphates). Reactions were also carried out without oxygen, under non-oxidative conditions, where the catalytic activity was always appreciably lower than under oxidative conditions. Experimental results indicated that the oxidative gas-phase dehydrogenation of ethylbenzene to styrene could be related to the total number of acid and basic sites of catalysts, so that this reaction probably needs selected acid–basic pairs for coke formation, where the oxidative dehydrogenation process is developed.The main practical conclusion of the catalyst screening was that the best results were obtained with the synthesized amorphous AlPO4, where 43% ethylbenzene conversion and 99.7% styrene selectivity were achieved. A very reduced number of commercial inorganic solids like Al2(SO4)3, Cr2(SO4)3, Fe2(SO4)3, NiSO4, Al2O3 and Fe2O3 were also able to obtain an acceptable catalytic behavior, with conversions ranging between 18 and 23% and selectivity in the 95–100% range. Among the other synthesized solids, Ni3(PO4)2-A-450 was the only metal phosphate exhibiting results in such a range. All the other catalysts studied were rather inactive and/or selective. Additional experiments carried out at longer times on stream (3.5 h) and longer contact times (W/F 0.254 and 0.654) confirmed the superior catalytic behavior of amorphous AlPO4. Consequently, this solid could be a good candidate for application as a catalyst in the industrial oxydehydrogenation of ethylbenzene to styrene.

Keywords
Ethylbenzene oxidative dehydrogenation; Styrene synthesis; Acid–base sites; Amorphous AlPO4
First Page Preview
Screening of amorphous metal–phosphate catalysts for the oxidative dehydrogenation of ethylbenzene to styrene
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us
Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis B: Environmental - Volume 70, Issues 1–4, 31 January 2007, Pages 611–620
Authors
, , , , , ,
Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us