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Formation and stability of barium aluminate and cerate in NOx storage-reduction catalysts

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
48883 46525 2006 11 PDF Available
Title
Formation and stability of barium aluminate and cerate in NOx storage-reduction catalysts
Abstract

The formation and stability of BaAl2O4 and BaCeO3 in Pt-Ba/Al2O3 and Pt-Ba/CeO2 based NOx storage-reduction (NSR) catalysts has been investigated using kinetic measurements, X-ray diffraction, thermal analysis and X-ray absorption spectroscopy. In as-prepared state, the Ba-component in the NSR catalysts was made up of amorphous BaO and BaCO3. The formation of BaAl2O4 started above 850 °C, whereas the formation of BaCeO3 was already observed at 800 °C and was faster than that of BaAl2O4. The stability of BaAl2O4 and BaCeO3 in various liquid and gaseous atmospheres was different. BaAl2O4 was rapidly hydrated at room temperature in the presence of water and transformed to Ba(NO3)2 and γ-alumina in the presence of HNO3, whereas BaCeO3 was decomposed to much lower extent under these conditions. Interestingly, BaCeO3 was transformed to Ba(NO3)2/CeO2 in the presence of NO2/H2O at 300–500 °C. Also, the presence of CO2 led to decomposition of barium cerate, which has important consequences for the catalyst ageing under NOx-storage conditions and can be exploited for regeneration of thermally aged NSR-catalysts.

Keywords
NOx storage-reduction catalyst; Pt-Ba/Al2O3; Pt-Ba/CeO2; Barium aluminate; Barium cerate; Thermal stability; Ageing; X-ray diffraction; Thermal analysis; X-ray absorption spectroscopy; Regeneration
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Formation and stability of barium aluminate and cerate in NOx storage-reduction catalysts
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis B: Environmental - Volume 63, Issues 3–4, 31 March 2006, Pages 232–242
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
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Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
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