MnOx–CeO2 mixed oxide catalysts for complete oxidation of formaldehyde: Effect of preparation method and calcination temperature
MnOx–CeO2 mixed oxides prepared by sol–gel method, coprecipitation method and modified coprecipitation method were investigated for the complete oxidation of formaldehyde. Structure analysis by H2-TPR and XPS revealed that there were more Mn4+ species and richer lattice oxygen on the surface of the catalyst prepared by the modified coprecipitation method than those of the catalysts prepared by sol–gel and coprecipitation methods, resulting in much higher catalytic activity toward complete oxidation of formaldehyde. The effect of calcination temperature on the structural features and catalytic behavior of the MnOx–CeO2 mixed oxides prepared by the modified coprecipitation was further examined, and the catalyst calcined at 773 K showed 100% formaldehyde conversion at a temperature as low as 373 K. For the samples calcined below 773 K, no any diffraction peak corresponding to manganese oxides could be detected by XRD measurement due to the formation of MnOx–CeO2 solid solution. While the diffraction peaks corresponding to MnO2 phase in the samples calcined above 773 K were clearly observed, indicating the occurrence of phase segregation between MnO2 and CeO2. Accordingly, it was supposed that the strong interaction between MnOx and CeO2, which depends on the preparation route and the calcination temperature, played a crucial role in determining the catalytic activity toward the complete oxidation of formaldehyde.
Journal: Applied Catalysis B: Environmental - Volume 62, Issues 3–4, 22 February 2006, Pages 265–273