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Generating hydrogen-rich fuel-cell feeds from dimethyl ether (DME) using physical mixtures of a commercial Cu/Zn/Al2O3 catalyst and several solid–acid catalysts

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
49174 46561 2006 10 PDF Available
Title
Generating hydrogen-rich fuel-cell feeds from dimethyl ether (DME) using physical mixtures of a commercial Cu/Zn/Al2O3 catalyst and several solid–acid catalysts
Abstract

Homogeneous physical mixtures containing a commercial Cu/ZnO/Al2O3 catalyst and a solid–acid catalyst were used to examine the acidity effects on dimethyl ether hydrolysis and their subsequent effects on dimethyl ether steam reforming (DME-SR). The acid catalysts used were zeolites Y [Si/Al = 2.5 and 15: denoted Y(Si/Al)], ZSM-5 [Si/Al = 15, 25, 40, and 140: denoted Z(Si/Al)] and other conventional catalyst supports (ZrO2, and γ-Al2O3). The homogeneous physical mixtures contained equal amounts, by volume, of the solid–acid catalyst and the commercial Cu/ZnO/Al2O3 catalyst (BASF K3-110, denoted as K3). The steam reforming of dimethyl ether was carried out in an isothermal packed-bed reactor at ambient pressure.The most promising physical mixtures for the low-temperature production of hydrogen from DME contained ZSM-5 as the solid–acid catalyst, with hydrogen yields exceeding 90% (T = 275 °C, S/C = 1.5, τ = 1.0 s and P = 0.78 atm) and hydrogen selectivities exceeding 94%, comparable to those observed for methanol steam reforming (MeOH-SR) over BASF K3-110, with values equaling 95% and 99%, respectively (T = 225 °C, S/C = 1.0, τ = 1.0 s and P = 0.78 atm). Large production rates of hydrogen were directly related to the type of acid catalyst used. The hydrogen production activity trend as a function of physical mixture wasK3+Z(25)K3+Z(15)K3+Z(40)>K3+Z(140)K3+Y(15)>K3+Y(2.5)≫K3+γ-Al2O3>K3+ZrO2

Keywords
Dimethyl ether; Hydrolysis; Zeolites; Methanol; Alumina; Zirconia; Acidity; ZSM-5; Y; Steam reforming; Hydrogen; Fuel cells
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Generating hydrogen-rich fuel-cell feeds from dimethyl ether (DME) using physical mixtures of a commercial Cu/Zn/Al2O3 catalyst and several solid–acid catalysts
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis B: Environmental - Volume 65, Issues 3–4, 6 June 2006, Pages 291–300
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us