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Production of xylose from oil palm empty fruit bunch fiber using sulfuric acid

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
4928 258 2006 7 PDF Available
Title
Production of xylose from oil palm empty fruit bunch fiber using sulfuric acid
Abstract

Oil palm empty fruit bunch fiber is a lignocellulosic waste from palm oil mills. It is a potential source of xylose which can be used as a raw material for production of xylitol, a high value product. The increasing interest on use of lignocellulosic waste for bioconversion to fuels and chemicals is justifiable as these materials are low cost, renewable and widespread sources of sugars. Batch hydrolysis of oil palm empty fruit bunch fiber was performed at operating temperature 120 °C using various concentration of sulfuric acid (2–6%) and reaction time (0–90 min). Concentration of xylose, glucose, furfural and acetic acid in the resulting hydrolysate were determined. Kinetic parameters of mathematical models were obtained in order to predict concentration of xylose, glucose, furfural, acetic acid in the hydrolysate and to optimize the process. Optimum H2SO4 concentration and reaction time obtained under operating temperature of 120 °C was 6% and 15 min, respectively. Optimum concentration of xylose, glucose, furfural and acetic acid found in the hydrolysate were 29.4, 2.34, 0.87 and 1.25 (g/l), respectively.

Keywords
Oil palm empty fruit bunch; Hydrolysis; Xylose; Kinetic parameters; Optimisation; Cellulose; Glucose
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Production of xylose from oil palm empty fruit bunch fiber using sulfuric acid
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biochemical Engineering Journal - Volume 30, Issue 1, 1 May 2006, Pages 97–103
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us