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Pd/C catalyzed conversion of levulinic acid to γ-valerolactone using alcohol as a hydrogen donor under microwave conditions

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
49457 46746 2015 3 PDF Available
Title
Pd/C catalyzed conversion of levulinic acid to γ-valerolactone using alcohol as a hydrogen donor under microwave conditions
Abstract

•Levulinic acid is converted to γ-valerolactone in 83–86% yield using Pd/C catalyst.•An alcohol is used as the hydrogen donor for the reaction under microwave heating.•Pd/C catalyst could be reused for five cycles without appreciable loss in activity.

Levulinic acid can be converted to γ-valerolactone in 83–86% yield under microwave heating with 10 mg of 5% Pd/C per mmol levulinic acid as the catalyst and 2.0 equivalents of KOH in ethanol or iso-propanol. The alcohol is used as the hydrogen source as well as the solvent. Pd/C catalyst could be reused for five catalytic cycles without appreciable loss in activity.

Keywords
Levulinic acid; γ-Valerolactone; Alcohol; Pd/C-catalyst; Microwave
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Pd/C catalyzed conversion of levulinic acid to γ-valerolactone using alcohol as a hydrogen donor under microwave conditions
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Catalysis Communications - Volume 60, 5 February 2015, Pages 5–7
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
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