The correlation between glycogen–glycolysis metabolite pyruvate and vancomycin antibiotic productions of Amycolatopsis orientalis grown in glucose medium
The effect of glucose concentration in the growth medium on the relationship between glycolysis, glycogen accumulation and vancomycin production of Amycolatopsis orientalis was investigated depending on the incubation time. After a lag phase, bacterial growth of A. orientalis began and biomass concentration increased continuously up to 36th or 48th hours while glucose concentration in the culture medium was consumed rapidly in the same time of incubation. In addition, increase in glucose concentrations of the growth medium lead to increase intracellular glucose as well as glycerol levels. Intracellular pyruvate levels increased significantly up to 15 g/L while extracellular pyruvate levels with respect to increases in glucose concentration. A positive correlation between glucose kinase activities and glucose concentration was determined during the incubation period. Pyruvate kinase activity increased up to 15 g/L glucose and 48th hour of incubation. As a glycopeptide antibiotic, vancomycin production increased with the increases in glucose concentrations up to 15 g/L. These results indicated that glycogen accumulation with respect to glucose concentration of the growth medium was concomitant with the sporulation of A. orientalis. When the initial glucose concentration exceeded 15 g/L, pyruvate excretions as well as intracellular glycogen and glycerol productions were supported in spite of repression in vancomycin production of A. orientalis.
Journal: Biochemical Engineering Journal - Volume 33, Issue 2, February 2007, Pages 134–140