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Supported imidazole as heterogeneous catalyst for the synthesis of cyclic carbonates from epoxides and CO2

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
49547 46751 2015 5 PDF Available
Title
Supported imidazole as heterogeneous catalyst for the synthesis of cyclic carbonates from epoxides and CO2
Abstract

•Simple method of preparing Imidazole supported on SiO2 (Si-Imid).•Si-Imid is an effective catalyst for the cycloaddition of epoxides and CO2.•Characterization of Si-Imid using various spectroscopic techniques.•Si-Imid is active at moderate reaction conditions for different epoxides.•This catalyst is purely heterogeneous

Imidazole anchored onto a silica matrix, by means of a propyl linkage, is found to be an effective heterogeneous catalyst for the synthesis of cyclic carbonates from epoxides and CO2 in near quantitative yield. The versatility of this catalyst is demonstrated by using different substrates (epichlorohydrin, propylene oxide, butylene oxide and styrene oxide) for this cycloaddition reaction. These CO2 insertion reactions were typically carried out in the temperature range of 343 to 403 K at 0.6 MPa CO2 pressure under solvent-free conditions. Several spectroscopic methods were used to characterize the catalyst and study the integrity of the fresh and spent catalysts.

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Keywords
Cyclic carbonates; CO2 utilization; Anchored imidazole; Epoxides
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Supported imidazole as heterogeneous catalyst for the synthesis of cyclic carbonates from epoxides and CO2
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Catalysis Communications - Volume 59, 10 January 2015, Pages 201–205
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
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