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Surface phases of Cu2O(111) under CO2 electrochemical reduction conditions

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
49663 46759 2014 4 PDF Available
Title
Surface phases of Cu2O(111) under CO2 electrochemical reduction conditions
Abstract

•Structures of the Cu- and O-terminated Cu2O(111) surfaces were studied by DFT.•Cu-terminated surface is more favored under CO2 electroreduction conditions.•H*, OH*, O*, and H2O* adsorption stabilities were examined.•H* covered surface is more favored under the reduction conditions.•Formation of oxygen vacancy is thermodynamically feasible.

Density functional theory (DFT) calculations were performed to examine the relative stability of Cu- and O-terminated Cu2O(111) surfaces as well as possible surface phases of Cu2O(111) under applied potentials relevant for carbon dioxide (CO2) electrochemical reduction. The Cu-terminated surface is found to be more favored than the O-terminated surface at potentials less than − 0.52 V-SHE at a pH = 7. Adsorption stabilities of H*, OH*, O*, and H2O* were examined by calculating the formation free energy of the adsorbate as a function of electrode potential. A H* covered surface is the most favored surface under reduction conditions. At pH values of 7 and 13, formation of an O-vacancy requires potentials of 0.61 and 0.25 V-SHE, respectively. At more negative potentials relevant to reduction of CO2, formation of an O-vacancy is thermodynamically favored, indicating a facile reduction of the Cu2O surface as observed experimentally.

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Keywords
CO2 electrochemical reduction; Cu2O (111) surface; Density functional theory
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Surface phases of Cu2O(111) under CO2 electrochemical reduction conditions
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Catalysis Communications - Volume 52, 5 July 2014, Pages 88–91
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
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