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Basicity–FAME yield correlations in metal cation modified MgAl mixed oxides for biodiesel synthesis

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
49666 46759 2014 4 PDF Available
Title
Basicity–FAME yield correlations in metal cation modified MgAl mixed oxides for biodiesel synthesis
Abstract

•Zn2 +, Co2 +, Fe3 + and La3 + modified Mg–Al oxides were synthesized.•Basicity of catalysts improved by the metal cation modification.•Effects of Fe3 + and La3 + on the basicity of catalysts are stronger than Zn2 + and Co2 +.•Increasing catalyst basicity advanced FAME yield.•La3 + modified catalyst exhibited highest activity in transesterification.

In this paper Zn2 +, Co2 +, Fe3 + and La3 + were respectively introduced into Mg3Al1 mixed oxides to prepare Mg1Zn2Al1, Mg1Co2Al1, Mg3Al0.6Fe0.4 and Mg3Al0.6La0.4 oxides by calcinations at 773 K. The XRD, XPS, BET, ICP-AES and CO2-TPD characterizations of samples exhibited that the effects of the substitution of trivalent cations (Fe3 +, La3 +) for Al3 + on the basicity of samples were stronger than the substitution of divalent cations (Zn2 +, Co2 +) for Mg2 + because of high O2 − concentration which were coincident with the FAME yield for these catalysts. La3 + modified catalyst exhibited highest activity in transesterification.

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Keywords
Metal oxide; Basicity; Transesterification; Biodiesel
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Basicity–FAME yield correlations in metal cation modified MgAl mixed oxides for biodiesel synthesis
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Catalysis Communications - Volume 52, 5 July 2014, Pages 1–4
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
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Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
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Price after discount Only $4.95
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Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us