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Enhancing kinetics of biodiesel production using morpholine

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
49691 46760 2016 5 PDF Available
Title
Enhancing kinetics of biodiesel production using morpholine
Abstract

•The reaction time was reduced in half due to the addition of morpholine.•FAME content > 95% obtained in 90 min at mild reaction temperature of 65 °C.•The reaction was found to be a first order reaction•The biodiesel samples met ASTM D6751 specifications.

This work illustrates morpholine assisted transesterification of crude canola oil, corn oil and coffee oil (extracted from spent coffee grounds) using NaOH as a homogeneous base catalyst. Addition of morpholine resulted in a two-fold enhancement in kinetics of transesterification. The properties of the biodiesel final product were evaluated by fuel standard tests and the results were compared with ASTM D6751 standards. Biodiesel produced from canola, coffee and corn oils was found to have a high cetane number (52.5–55.1) and good flash point (140 °C).

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Keywords
Biodiesel; Transesterification; Coffee oil
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Catalysis Communications - Volume 83, 5 August 2016, Pages 48–52
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
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Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us