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Highly durable Pt-supported niobia–silica aerogel catalysts in the aqueous-phase hydrodeoxygenation of 1-propanol

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
49832 46769 2012 8 PDF Available
Title
Highly durable Pt-supported niobia–silica aerogel catalysts in the aqueous-phase hydrodeoxygenation of 1-propanol
Abstract

The aqueous-phase hydrodeoxygenation (APHDO) of 1-propanol at 230 °C and 35 bar was studied over 1 wt.% Pt catalysts supported on several metal oxides. Pt catalysts supported on amorphous silica, alumina and niobia aerogels, and crystalline niobic acid calcined at 500 °C showed low activities or deactivation. Under the APHDO condition, these supports experienced a structure transformation to crystalline quartz, boehmite and niobia TT phase. Pt/Nb2O5–Al2O3 aerogel also suffered from the same crystallization behavior. In contrast, Pt/Nb2O5–SiO2 aerogels with different Nb/(Nb + Si) ratios maintained a good catalytic performance for prolonged reaction periods. Through characterizations of spent catalysts, Nb2O5–SiO2 aerogels were found to retain X-ray amorphous and porous structure. Also, their acid site densities were negligibly changed during the reaction. The catalysts with the Nb / (Nb + Si) ratio of 0.500 and 0.575 reached the molar propane/ethane ratio of about 1.0, indicating that Pt/Nb2O5–SiO2 aerogel catalysts are highly active in the presence of water.

Graphical abstractFigure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload as PowerPoint slideHighlights► Pt/Nb2O5–SiO2 aerogels showed a superior catalytic activity for prolonged periods. ► The hydrothermal reaction condition led to the crystallization of support materials. ► SiO2 and Al2O3 aerogels were transformed into quartz and boehmite, respectively. ► Nb2O5 and Nb2O5–Al2O3 aerogels suffered from the similar crystallization behavior. ► Original properties of Nb2O5–SiO2 aerogels were maintained during the reaction.

Keywords
1-Propanol; Aqueous-phase processing; Hydrodeoxygenation; Aerogel; Pt/Nb2O5–SiO2
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Highly durable Pt-supported niobia–silica aerogel catalysts in the aqueous-phase hydrodeoxygenation of 1-propanol
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Catalysis Communications - Volume 29, 5 December 2012, Pages 40–47
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us