fulltext.study @t Gmail

Inhibition of endogenous antagonists with an engineered BMP-2 variant increases BMP-2 efficacy in rat femoral defect healing

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
501 45 2012 5 PDF Available
Title
Inhibition of endogenous antagonists with an engineered BMP-2 variant increases BMP-2 efficacy in rat femoral defect healing
Abstract

Bone morphogenetic proteins (BMP) have been used successfully by orthopedic clinicians to augment bone healing. However, these osteoinductive proteins must be applied at high concentrations to induce bone formation. The limited therapeutic efficacy may be due to the local expression of BMP antagonists such as Noggin that neutralize exogenous and endogenous BMPs. If so, inhibiting BMP antagonists may provide an attractive option to augment BMP induced bone formation. The engineered BMP-2 variant L51P is deficient in BMP receptor type I binding, but maintains its affinity for BMP receptor type II and BMP antagonists including Noggin, Chordin and Gremlin. This modification makes L51P a BMP receptor-inactive inhibitor of BMP antagonists. We implanted β-tricalcium phosphate ceramics loaded with BMP-2 and/or L51P into a critical size defect model in the rat femur to investigate whether the inhibition of BMP antagonist with L51P enhances the therapeutic efficacy of exogenous BMP-2. Our study reveals that L51P reduces the demand of exogenous BMP-2 to induce bone healing markedly, without promoting bone formation directly when applied alone.

Keywords
BMP-2; Bone healing; β-Tricalcium phosphate; L51P; Noggin
First Page Preview
Inhibition of endogenous antagonists with an engineered BMP-2 variant increases BMP-2 efficacy in rat femoral defect healing
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us
Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Acta Biomaterialia - Volume 8, Issue 10, October 2012, Pages 3816–3820
Authors
, , , , , ,
Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us