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Efficiency of enzymatic and non-enzymatic catalysts in the synthesis of insoluble polyphenol and conductive polyaniline in water

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
5036 274 2006 13 PDF Available
Title
Efficiency of enzymatic and non-enzymatic catalysts in the synthesis of insoluble polyphenol and conductive polyaniline in water
Abstract

The present work analyzes the potential use of white-rot fungi (WRF) and hematin for phenol and aniline polymerization, as a low-cost alternative to horseradish peroxidase (HRPC). The objective is to evaluate the capability of these catalysts to produce tailor-made aniline as well as to eliminate phenols by precipitation from aqueous solution. 4-Aminoantypirine (4AAP) was used to test phenoxide formation by crude protein preparations of white-rot fungi at selected conditions. The crude extracts of Pleurotus sajor-caju (PSC) were selected because of the promising values obtained for the phenoxide formation rate. HRPC/H2O2 and P. sajor-caju derived enzymes/H2O2 (PSC/H2O2) systems produced soluble polyaniline in the presence of polystyrene sulphonated (PES), with high aniline conversions at 45 °C. For the case of insoluble polyphenol production, the PSC-derived enzymes, in absence of hydrogen peroxide, produced insoluble polyphenol with similar efficiencies as those found with HRPC or hematin in a one step phenol treatment (near 40% phenol conversion). For the aniline process, at least 75% aniline conversion was obtained when using PSC enzymes at room temperature. After long reaction times, the lignin-modifying enzymes derived from PSC only produced a conductive form of polyaniline (PANI) at lower temperatures than those required when employing HRPC. Fungal enzymes look promising for eliminating aniline/phenol from wastewaters since the obtained results demonstrated that they are able to polymerizate and precipitate them from aqueous solutions.

Keywords
Polyaniline; Polyphenol; White-rot fungi; Peroxidases
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Efficiency of enzymatic and non-enzymatic catalysts in the synthesis of insoluble polyphenol and conductive polyaniline in water
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biochemical Engineering Journal - Volume 29, Issue 3, 15 April 2006, Pages 191–203
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us