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Application of microthermometry to measurement of microbial activity and inactivation process by inhibitor

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
5047 274 2006 6 PDF Available
Title
Application of microthermometry to measurement of microbial activity and inactivation process by inhibitor
Abstract

A rapid and simple technique (microthermometry) was developed for the measurement of microbe's metabolic activities and its inactivation process by an inhibitor. To analyze the results and to determine the parameters for the estimation of the activity and inactivation degree, a simple model was proposed. Yeast cells (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) were used as a microbe. A differential method using two bead-type thermistors as reference and measuring probes was employed for the detection of a temperature change caused by the heat of metabolism of added carbon source (glucose) by the yeast. Experiments were conducted in a 30 °C water bath under non-growth conditions (without nitrogen source). The simple thermal response model was applied to obtain two characteristic parameters for the estimation of the yeast activities, i.e., a metabolic heat production rate, ΔQ, and a metabolic heat inhibition rate, ΔK. The proposed model was well in agreement with the experimental results, and the curve fitting gave ΔQ or ΔK. In the case of the addition of glucose to yeast as a carbon source, ΔQ was proportional to the number of live cell (CFU). The slope of CFU versus ΔQ for yeast in exponential phase was larger by about two-fold than that in the stationary phase. In the case of the addition of gultaraldehyde as an inhibitor to the above system, the logarithmic value of ΔK increased with increasing the concentration of gultaraldehyde within the range of 0.02–6.2 wt.%. It was suggested that the two model parameters, ΔQ and ΔK, can be regarded as characteristics to estimate the activities of bacteria and the degree of their inactivation by the inhibitor.

Keywords
Yeast; Glucose; Microbial activity; Metabolic heat; Thermistor; Bioprocess monitoring
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biochemical Engineering Journal - Volume 29, Issue 3, 15 April 2006, Pages 278–283
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us