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Benzoylation of anisole catalyzed by Ga/SBA-15 supported on carbon nanofibers composite

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
50806 46815 2011 4 PDF Available
Title
Benzoylation of anisole catalyzed by Ga/SBA-15 supported on carbon nanofibers composite
Abstract

Carbon nanofiber composite (C-NFC) shows several advantages compared to the conventional supports which are usually employed in catalysis such as alumina, silica or activated charcoal. In this present work we have developed a new hybrid catalyst consisting of SBA-15 supported on C-NFC for the benzoylation reaction. The structured materials allow an important improvement of the reaction hydrodynamics and favor the mass transfer between the active phase and the reactants, especially in the liquid-phase medium, thus improving the selectivity toward desired products and increase the catalyst stability. The Ga/SBA-15(10)/C-NFC composite was further used as catalyst for Friedel–Crafts acylation of anisole in slurry bed. Cycling tests confirm the fradual deactivation of the catalyst which could be attributed to the pore plugging by carbonaceous residue which render inaccessible the active site localized inside the mesoporous channel to the reactant. These active sites localized inside the mesoporous channel are expected to be responsible for the para product formation by shape selectivity and thus, only the ortho product, which is formed on the gallium sites localized on the pore mouth, is observed on the deactivated catalyst. Such hypothesis is confirmed by depositing gallium phase on the poreless carbon nanofiber.

Graphical AbstractSEM micrographs of the SBA-15/C-NFC composite.Figure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload as PowerPoint slideResearch Highlights►Our study reflects the necessity of doping a mesoporous silica of high SSA with gallium. ►The preparation of structured materials Ga/SBA-15/C-NFC allows an improved hydrodynamics and favor the heat and mass transfers between the active phase and the reactants. ►the necessity to build a composite by coating the catalyst on a C-NFC substrate is required for adding mechanical resistance under harsh conditions. ►The synthesized composite Ga/SBA-15(10)/C-NFC was used as catalyst for Friedel-Crafts acylation of anisole in slurry bed ►The catalyst show that catalytic activity and stability can be improved by supporting SBA-15 material doped with gallium.

Keywords
SBA-15; Carbon nanofibers; Gallium; Supported SBA-15; Benzoylation
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Benzoylation of anisole catalyzed by Ga/SBA-15 supported on carbon nanofibers composite
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Catalysis Communications - Volume 12, Issue 9, 30 April 2011, Pages 790–793
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us