Metal and solvent-free oxidation of α-isophorone to ketoisophorone by molecular oxygen
The metal and solvent-free oxidation of α-isophorone to ketoisophorone (KIP) using N-hydroxy phthalimide (NHPI) as the catalyst under atmospheric oxygen was studied, eliminating the isomerization process of α-isophorone to β-isophorone. The effect of co-catalyst, temperature, time, amount of NHPI, and recycling on the oxidation was investigated. The oxidation of α-isophorone proceed well without any co-catalyst under 60 °C for 10 h, which was different with the traditional oxidation of α-isophorone at high temperature. Furthermore, NHPI can be easily separated and reused with a slight loss on its activity. This aerobic oxidation process by NHPI provides a good alternative way for the industrial synthesis of KIP.
Journal: Catalysis Communications - Volume 11, Issue 8, 31 March 2010, Pages 758–762