Efficient catalysis of mesoporous Al-MCM-41 for Mukaiyama aldol reactions
Mesoporous aluminosilicates, Al-MCM-41 (Si/Al = 20 and 50), efficiently catalyzed Mukaiyama aldol reaction of benzaldehyde with 1-(trimethylsiloxy)cyclohexene in CH2Cl2 at 0 °C to afford the corresponding β-trimethylsiloxy ketone in quantitative yield. On the other hand, mesoporous silica (MCM-41), amorphous SiO2–Al2O3, and H–Y and H-ZSM-5 zeolites barely catalyzed the reaction. Additionally, the less ordered Al-MCM-41 prepared by mechanical compression exhibited much lower catalytic activity compared with Al-MCM-41, indicating that the presence of the ordered mesoporous structure in aluminosilicates is crucial for the catalysis. The Al-MCM-41 catalyzed Mukaiyama aldol reaction was applicable to a wide range of aldehydes and silyl enol ethers. Furthermore, the Al-MCM-41 catalyst could be recycled at least three times without any loss in the yield. Thus, mesoporous aluminosilicates are promising heterogeneous catalysts for fine chemicals synthesis.
Journal: Catalysis Communications - Volume 10, Issue 15, 15 September 2009, Pages 1990–1994