Application of empirical mode decomposition and artificial neural network for the classification of normal and epileptic EEG signals
Epilepsy is a neurological disorder affecting more than 50 million individuals in the world. Analysis of the electroencephalogram (EEG) is a powerful tool to assist neurologists for diagnosis and treatment. In this paper a new feature extraction method based on empirical mode decomposition (EMD) is proposed. The EEG signal is decomposed into intrinsic mode functions (IMFs) by the EMD algorithm and four statistical parameters are calculated over these IMFs constituting the input feature vector to be fed to a multilayer perceptron neural network (MLPNN) classifier. Experimental results carried out on the publicly available Bonn dataset show that an accurate classification rate of 100% is achieved in the discrimination between normal and ictal EEG, and an accuracy of 97.7% is reached in the classification of interictal and ictal EEG signals. Our results are equivalent or outperform recent studies published in the literature.
Journal: Biocybernetics and Biomedical Engineering - Volume 36, Issue 1, 2016, Pages 285–291