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Synthesis of cinnamyl acetate by solid–liquid phase transfer catalysis: Kinetic study with a batch reactor

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
51389 46842 2009 5 PDF Available
Title
Synthesis of cinnamyl acetate by solid–liquid phase transfer catalysis: Kinetic study with a batch reactor
Abstract

The present study reports the synthesis of cinnamyl acetate (ROAc) from cinnamyl bromide (RBr) and sodium acetate (NaOAc) in a batch reactor using quaternary ammonium bromide (QBr) as a phase transfer catalyst under a solid–liquid reaction mode. The factors affecting the reaction such as kind of catalyst, agitation speed, temperature, amount of catalyst, mole ratio of cinnamyl bromide to sodium acetate, addition of water and particle size of sodium acetate were investigated. The results indicate that the catalyst with longer alkyl chain length gave better performance. The results on effect of agitation speed reveal that the solid–liquid interfacial mass transfer resistance is negligible at agitation speed above 600 rpm. The reaction rate increased with the increase in the temperature and complete conversion of RBr could be obtained within 90 min using a moderate amount of tetra-n-butyl ammonium bromide as the catalyst at 95 °C, while 100% selectivity of cinnamyl acetate was observed in all the cases. Adding 1–8 ml of water improved the reactivity of the catalyst and 4 ml was an optimal amount. The use of NaOAc in the form of fine powder showed far better performance than that in the form of 2 mm granules. The reaction results fitted into the pseudo-first order rate equation and the activation energy was found to be 11.2 kcal mol−1.

Keywords
Phase transfer catalysis; Solid–liquid phase; Esterification; Cinnamyl acetate; Kinetics
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Synthesis of cinnamyl acetate by solid–liquid phase transfer catalysis: Kinetic study with a batch reactor
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Catalysis Communications - Volume 10, Issue 13, 25 July 2009, Pages 1638–1642
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us