Hydrous zirconia supported iridium nanoparticles: An excellent catalyst for the hydrogenation of haloaromatic nitro compounds
Ir/ZrO2·xH2O was prepared by co-precipitation and characterized by TEM, XRD, and XPS. It showed an excellent catalytic performance for the hydrogenation of haloaromatic nitro compounds to the corresponding amines in the mixture solvent of ethanol and water. The catalyst gave both conversion and selectivity to be over 99.9% for the hydrogenation of p-chloronitrobenzene to p-chloroaniline. Besides the intrinsic characterization of iridium in the hydrogenation of haloaromatic nitro compounds, the high activity and selectivity of Ir/ZrO2·xH2O is probably attributed to the formation of hydrogen bond between substrate and the hydroxyl groups on the surface of the hydrous catalyst or solvent water to activate the NO bond in nitro group. The activated NO bond is easy to be attacked by the activated hydrogen, so the hydrogenation is promoted.
Journal: Catalysis Communications - Volume 11, Issue 5, 25 January 2010, Pages 451–455