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Etherification of n-butanol to di-n-butyl ether over H3PMo12 − xWxO40 (x = 0, 3, 6, 9, 12) Keggin and H6P2Mo18 − xWxO62 (x = 0, 3, 9, 15, 18) Wells–Dawson heteropolyacid catalysts

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
51715 46851 2011 4 PDF Available
Title
Etherification of n-butanol to di-n-butyl ether over H3PMo12 − xWxO40 (x = 0, 3, 6, 9, 12) Keggin and H6P2Mo18 − xWxO62 (x = 0, 3, 9, 15, 18) Wells–Dawson heteropolyacid catalysts
Abstract

Etherification of n-butanol to di-n-butyl ether was carried out over H3PMo12 − xWxO40 (x = 0, 3, 6, 9, 12) Keggin and H6P2Mo18 − xWxO62 (x = 0, 3, 9, 15, 18) Wells–Dawson heteropolyacid (HPA) catalysts. Acid strength of H3PMo12 − xWxO40 Keggin and H6P2Mo18 − xWxO62 Wells–Dawson HPA catalysts was determined by NH3-TPD (temperature-programmed desorption) measurements. The correlations between desorption peak temperature (acid strength) of the HPA catalysts and catalytic activity revealed that conversion of n-butanol and yield for di-n-butyl ether increased with increasing acid strength of the catalysts, regardless of the identity of HPA catalysts (without HPA structural sensitivity).

Graphical abstractFigure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload as PowerPoint slideHighlights► H3PMo12 − xWxO40 and H6P2Mo18 − xWxO62 heteropolyacid catalysts were prepared. ► Etherification of n-butanol to di-n-butyl ether was carried out. ► Conversion of n-butanol increased with increasing acid strength of the catalysts. ► Yield for di-n-butyl ether increased with increasing acid strength of the catalysts.

Keywords
Di-n-butyl ether; Etherification; n-Butanol; Heteropolyacid; Acid strength
First Page Preview
Etherification of n-butanol to di-n-butyl ether over H3PMo12 − xWxO40 (x = 0, 3, 6, 9, 12) Keggin and H6P2Mo18 − xWxO62 (x = 0, 3, 9, 15, 18) Wells–Dawson heteropolyacid catalysts
Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Catalysis Communications - Volume 14, Issue 1, 25 October 2011, Pages 48–51
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis