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Coke removal from deactivated Co–Ni steam reforming catalyst using different gasifying agents: An analysis of the gas–solid reaction kinetics

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
51742 46852 2009 6 PDF Available
Title
Coke removal from deactivated Co–Ni steam reforming catalyst using different gasifying agents: An analysis of the gas–solid reaction kinetics
Abstract

The reactivity of various gases, namely; O2, air, CO2, H2 and N2, with carbon deposited on alumina-supported Co–Ni catalyst during propane reforming in a fluidized bed reactor at 773–973 K using relatively low feed steam:carbon ratio (0.8–1.5) has been investigated in a thermogravimetric analysis unit. Analysis of the transient solid weight loss revealed that carbon removal mechanism is dependent on the type of gasifying agent. Carbon gasification kinetics using O2 and air followed the Avrami-Erofeev (A2) model while data for both CO2 and H2 were captured by the geometrical (contracting area, R2) model. However, carbon gasification with inert N2 proceeded at much slower rate (about 10 times lower than air) and was adequately fitted by the one-dimensional diffusion (D1) model. Specific reaction rates from these phenomenological models were also linearly correlated with the catalyst carbon content with reactivity coefficient of the gasifying agent decreasing in the order, O2 > air > CO2 > H2 > N2. In order to minimize energy consumption during catalyst regeneration, reduce greenhouse gas emissions and reduce catalyst sintering, it would be desirable to employ a mixture of air and CO2 as the carbon gasifying agent to take advantage of the coupled exothermic (air oxidation) and endothermic (reverse Boudouard reaction involving CO2 and carbon) nature taking place during the carbon removal operation.

Keywords
Catalyst regeneration; Carbon gasification; Gas–solid kinetics; Gasifying agents; Deactivated steam reforming catalyst; Alumina-supported Co–Ni oxide
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Coke removal from deactivated Co–Ni steam reforming catalyst using different gasifying agents: An analysis of the gas–solid reaction kinetics
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Catalysis Communications - Volume 10, Issue 4, 10 January 2009, Pages 406–411
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us