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Biomedical ontologies—A review

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
5198 349 2015 12 PDF Available
Title
Biomedical ontologies—A review
Abstract

Current societies undergo a transformation into information societies. “Digitialization” is progressing in every aspect of life, including health care. Handling the increasing flow of biomedical data presents a serious challenge to researchers and clinicians. Ontologies – controlled vocabularies that allow describing the meaning of data (its semantics) in a human and machine readable way are used more and more often to aid processing of information in biomedical research and in healthcare systems. The aim of this work is to bring closer the field of ontologies to the medical society. The theoretical basics are presented and exemplified with a range of ontologies used for describing diseases, medications, proteins, experimental procedures, etc. Currently the multitude of ontologies is an obstacle in further data integration. Unified Medical Language System (UMLS) and OBO Foundry (Open Biomedical Ontologies) are projects started to counteract this problem. UMLS aims at merging existing vocabularies, while OBO initiative is based on coordinated, harmonic development of new ontologies and reformation of existing ones. The pros and cons of both philosophies are presented. The final section of the article features examples of ontology applications.

Keywords
Biomedical ontologies; Data annotation; Information storage
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biocybernetics and Biomedical Engineering - Volume 35, Issue 2, 2015, Pages 75–86
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
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