fulltext.study @t Gmail

Repair of an articular cartilage defect using adipose-derived stem cells loaded on a polyelectrolyte complex scaffold based on poly(l-glutamic acid) and chitosan

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
523 46 2013 13 PDF Available
Title
Repair of an articular cartilage defect using adipose-derived stem cells loaded on a polyelectrolyte complex scaffold based on poly(l-glutamic acid) and chitosan
Abstract

As a synthetic polypeptide water-soluble poly(l-glutamic acid) (PLGA) was designed to fabricate scaffolds for cartilage tissue engineering. Chitosan (CHI) has been employed as a physical cross-linking component in the construction of scaffolds. PLGA/CHI scaffolds act as sponges with a swelling ratio of 760 ± 45% (mass%), showing promising biocompatibility and biodegradation. Autologous adipose-derived stem cells (ASCs) were expanded and seeded on PLGA/CHI scaffolds, ASC/scaffold constructs were then subjected to chondrogenic induction in vitro for 2 weeks. The results showed that PLGA/CHI scaffolds could effectively support ASC adherence, proliferation and chondrogenic differentiation. The ASCs/scaffold constructs were then transplanted to repair full thickness articular cartilage defects (4 mm in diameter, to the depth of subchondral bone) created in rabbit femur trochlea. Histological observations found that articular defects were covered with newly formed cartilage 6 weeks post-implantation. After 12 weeks the regenerated cartilage had integrated well with the surrounding native cartilage and subchondral bone. Toluidine blue and immunohistochemical staining confirmed similar accumulation of glycosaminoglycans and type II collagen in engineered cartilage as in native cartilage 12 weeks post-implantation. The result was further supported by quantitative analysis of extracellular matrix deposition. The compressive modulus of the engineered cartilage increased significantly from 30% of that of normal cartilage at 6 weeks to 83% at 12 weeks. Cyto-nanoindentation also showed analogous biomechanical behavior of the engineered cartilage to that of native cartilage. The results of the present study thus demonstrate the potentiality of PLGA/CHI scaffolds in cartilage tissue engineering.

Keywords
Cartilage tissue engineering; Adipose derived stem cells; Poly(l-glutamic acid); Chondrogenic differentiation; Polyelectrolyte scaffold
First Page Preview
Repair of an articular cartilage defect using adipose-derived stem cells loaded on a polyelectrolyte complex scaffold based on poly(l-glutamic acid) and chitosan
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us
Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Acta Biomaterialia - Volume 9, Issue 7, July 2013, Pages 7276–7288
Authors
, , , , , , , ,
Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us