Evaluation of water treatment sludge as a catalyst for aqueous ozone decomposition
A new, novel, efficient, and stable green catalyst has been successfully used as a catalyst in aqueous ozone decomposition in acidic medium. The catalyst was characterized by using X-ray fluorescence (XRF), transmission electron microscope (TEM), scanning electron microscope (SEM), and X-ray diffraction (XRD) techniques. The sludge mainly consists of various metal and non-metal oxides. The effect of various experimental parameters such as catalyst loading, initial ozone concentrations, and various metal oxide catalysts on the decomposition of ozone was investigated. The decomposition of dissolved ozone was substantially enhanced by increasing the catalyst loading from 125 to 750 mg and by increasing the initial ozone concentration. The ozone decomposition efficiencies of Al2O3, SiO2, TiO2, Fe2O3, ZnO, and sludge have been studied and the efficiencies of these catalysts were found to be in the following order: ZnO ≈ sludge > TiO2 > SiO2 > Al2O3 ≈ Fe2O3. The catalytic stability was also investigated for up to four successive cycles and it was found that the catalyst was stable and ozone did not affect the catalyst morphology and its composition. However, the surface area of the catalyst increased after 1st cycle then it became stable. It was concluded that the sludge powder used in this study was a promising catalyst for aqueous ozone decomposition.
Journal: Catalysis Communications - Volume 8, Issue 11, November 2007, Pages 1609–1614