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Excitatory and Inhibitory Effects of Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
5291 361 2011 13 PDF Available
Title
Excitatory and Inhibitory Effects of Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation
Abstract

This paper reviews the use of transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) in investigating intracortical circuits in the primary motor cortex (M1). TMS is a noninvasive and painless method of stimulating the human brain and has become a widely used technique in neuro-physiology and neurology. When TMS is applied to the M1, it generates a motor evoked potential (MEP) in the target muscles. TMS also activates different intracortical circuits within the M1 and connections from other cortical areas to the M1. These intracortical circuits interact with each other. Abnormalities in these circuits are found in neurological and psychiatric disorders and studies of these circuits are useful in understanding the pathophysiology of these conditions.

Keywords
transcranial magnetic stimulation; primary motor cortex; motor evoked potential; intracortical circuit; inhibition; facilitation
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biocybernetics and Biomedical Engineering - Volume 31, Issue 2, 2011, Pages 93–105
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
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