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Comparative biology of decellularized lung matrix: Implications of species mismatch in regenerative medicine

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
5316 366 2016 11 PDF Available
Title
Comparative biology of decellularized lung matrix: Implications of species mismatch in regenerative medicine
Abstract

Lung engineering is a promising technology, relying on re-seeding of either human or xenographic decellularized matrices with patient-derived pulmonary cells. Little is known about the species-specificity of decellularization in various models of lung regeneration, or if species dependent cell-matrix interactions exist within these systems. Therefore decellularized scaffolds were produced from rat, pig, primate and human lungs, and assessed by measuring residual DNA, mechanical properties, and key matrix proteins (collagen, elastin, glycosaminoglycans). To study intrinsic matrix biologic cues, human endothelial cells were seeded onto acellular slices and analyzed for markers of cell health and inflammation. Despite similar levels of collagen after decellularization, human and primate lungs were stiffer, contained more elastin, and retained fewer glycosaminoglycans than pig or rat lung scaffolds. Human endothelial cells seeded onto human and primate lung tissue demonstrated less expression of vascular cell adhesion molecule and activation of nuclear factor-κB compared to those seeded onto rodent or porcine tissue. Adhesion of endothelial cells was markedly enhanced on human and primate tissues. Our work suggests that species-dependent biologic cues intrinsic to lung extracellular matrix could have profound effects on attempts at lung regeneration.

Keywords
Decellularization; Lung tissue engineering; Extracellular matrix; Bioactivity
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Comparative biology of decellularized lung matrix: Implications of species mismatch in regenerative medicine
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 102, September 2016, Pages 220–230
Authors
, , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,
Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us