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Pd/CeO2 catalysts as powder in a fixed-bed reactor and as coating in a stacked foil microreactor for the methanol synthesis

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
53219 46955 2016 9 PDF Available
Title
Pd/CeO2 catalysts as powder in a fixed-bed reactor and as coating in a stacked foil microreactor for the methanol synthesis
Abstract

•Methanol synthesis at 80 bar and 300 °C on a Pd/CeO2 catalyst.•Pd/CeO2 as foil coating more active than Pd/CeO2 powder catalyst.•Higher Pd dispersion for Pd/CeO2 powder catalyst than for foil coating.•Pd nanoparticles of powder catalyst partly covered by CeO2.

Pd/CeO2 as a catalyst for methanol synthesis has been studied in a microreactor consisting of 14 structured foils in a fixed-bed laboratory reactor. Methanol synthesis was carried out at 80 bar and 300 °C with a syngas composition of H2/CO/CO2/N2 = 65/25/5/5. It was found that Pd/CeO2 as a foil coating was more active than the Pd/CeO2 powder catalyst on a Pd/CeO2 mass basis, both initially and after stabilization. In order to understand the Pd/CeO2 catalyst properties, both as a coating on the structured foils and as nanoparticles, techniques such as TEM, SEM, XRD and chemisorption were employed to characterize the catalysts before and after reaction experiments. The activity of the Pd/CeO2 foil coating is substantially better than the Pd/CeO2 powder despite significantly higher Pd dispersion of the Pd/CeO2 powder. This is ascribed to the Pd nanoparticles of the powder catalyst being partly covered by the ceria upon preparation and reduction. This prevents the accessibility of Pd to the gaseous reactants. A higher number of active sites are initially present in both catalysts, leading to high initial activity for methane as well as methanol formation. This may be explained by good interfacial contact between Pd and CeO2 created during preparation and reduction to form sites that are gradually lost under reaction conditions by a combination of sintering/agglomeration and enhanced coverage of the Pd by ceria layers.

Graphical abstractFigure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload high-quality image (286 K)Download as PowerPoint slideThe stacked foil microreactor (SFMR).

Keywords
Microreactor; Methanol synthesis; Palladium catalyst; Cerium oxide; TEM; XRD
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Pd/CeO2 catalysts as powder in a fixed-bed reactor and as coating in a stacked foil microreactor for the methanol synthesis
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Catalysis Today - Volume 273, 15 September 2016, Pages 25–33
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us