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Impact of structured catalysts in amine oxidation under mild conditions

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
53246 46955 2016 7 PDF Available
Title
Impact of structured catalysts in amine oxidation under mild conditions
Abstract

•A structured graphene/graphite catalyst grown on a commercial austenitic stainless steel.•Characterization demonstrated the disposal of the obtained graphene/graphite surface layers.•The catalytic behavior of the structured catalyst was evaluated in the selective oxidation of heptylamine.•Kinetic experiments were carried out to calculate the activation energies.

A structured graphene/graphite catalyst grown on a commercial austenitic stainless steel sheet providing a micromonolith was obtained by submitting the nude stainless steel structure to a carbon-rich atmosphere (first 300 mL/min of a reductive H2/N2 (1:1) flow, then to 180 mL/min of a CH4/H2 (1:5)) at high temperature (900 °C) for 2 h. The preparation procedure resulted in a homogenous surface coated with a carbon-rich film as observed by EDX and SEM images. Further characterizations by Raman spectroscopy revealed characteristic Raman lines of graphene and crystalline graphite disposed in a hierarchical organization. The disposal of the obtained surface layers was also confirmed by grazing incidence X-ray diffraction. Besides this, XRD indicated the overlapping diffraction lines of graphite, cementite and M7C3 carbides. The graphene nature of the outermost layer was also confirmed by XPS. The catalytic behavior of the structured graphene/graphite catalyst was evaluated in the selective oxidation of heptylamine. At 200 °C it afforded a total conversion with a combined selectivity in heptanonitrile and N-heptylidene-heptylamine of 67% (10% heptanonitrile) that corresponds indeed to a very efficient system in the absence of any metal. Kinetic experiments with the scope to calculate the activation energies were also performed.

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Keywords
Micromonolith; Carbon micromonolith; Graphene/graphite structured catalyst; Amines oxidation
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Catalysis Today - Volume 273, 15 September 2016, Pages 266–272
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
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Price was $35.95
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