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Rapid propylene pulsing for enhanced low temperature NOx conversion on combined LNT-SCR catalysts

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
53284 46961 2016 10 PDF Available
Title
Rapid propylene pulsing for enhanced low temperature NOx conversion on combined LNT-SCR catalysts
Abstract

•Rapid C3H6 pulsing expands the operating temperature window of a NSR system.•Fast C3H6 pulsing on dual-layer catalyst enhances low-T NOx conversion.•HC intermediates are the primary NOx reductants for the SCR under fast cycling.•A top layer of Cu-CHA is beneficial while Ag/Al2O3 is detrimental.•Ceria affects the performance of LNT and dual-layer catalysts under fast cycling.

Lean reduction of NOx (NO + NO2) was conducted over combined LNT-SCR dual-layer and zoned monolithic catalysts using rapid propylene periodic pulsing into a lean feed. We investigated the effects of cycling frequency, reaction exotherm, hydrocarbon (HC) intermediates, top-layer material, LNT ceria content and catalyst configuration on the performance of dual-layer catalysts under fast propylene pulsing. High frequency propylene injection expands the operating temperature window of a conventional NOx storage and reduction (NSR) system in both low and high-temperature regions. The combination of rapid propylene pulsing and the dual-layer catalyst architecture achieves a low-temperature NOx conversion of up to 80% at a feed temperature of ca. 200 °C and relevant space velocities (∼70 k h−1). The working mechanisms of rapid propylene pulsing on both LNT and LNT-SCR catalysts are discussed. Fast cycling facilitates the generation of partially oxidized hydrocarbon intermediates over the LNT that can then either directly react with NOx or act as oxygen scavenger to maintain Pt in a reduced state for direct NO decomposition. The SCR top-layer traps partially oxygenated species that desorb from the LNT layer, enabling further production of N2 through a LNT-assisted HC-SCR pathway. Optimization of ceria content, top-layer material and catalyst configuration like SCR and PGM zoning can improve system performance at lower cost.

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Keywords
NOx; Propylene; Selective catalytic reduction; Platinum; Low temperature NOx reduction; HC-SCR
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Rapid propylene pulsing for enhanced low temperature NOx conversion on combined LNT-SCR catalysts
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Catalysis Today - Volume 267, 1 June 2016, Pages 192–201
Authors
, , , , ,
Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us