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Improving gold catalysis of nitroarene reduction with surface Pd

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
53293 46962 2016 6 PDF Available
Title
Improving gold catalysis of nitroarene reduction with surface Pd
Abstract

Nitroarene reduction reactions are commercialized catalytic processes that play a key role in the synthesis of many products including medicines, rubbers, dyes, and herbicides. Whereas bimetallic compositions have been studied, a better understanding of the bimetallic structure effects may lead to improved industrial catalysts. In this work, the influence of surface palladium atoms supported on 3-nm Au nanoparticles (Pd-on-Au NPs) on catalytic activity for 4-nitrophenol reduction is explored. Batch reactor studies indicate Pd-on-Au NPs exhibit maximum catalytic activity at a Pd surface coverage of 150 sc%, with an initial turnover frequency of ∼3.7 mol-nitrophenol/mol-metalsurface/s, which was ∼5.5× and ∼13× more active than pure Au NPs and Pd NPs, respectively. Pd NPs, Au NPs, and Pd-on-Au NPs below 175 sc% show compensation behavior. Three-dimensional Pd surface ensembles (with ∼4–5 atoms) previously identified through X-ray adsorption spectroscopy provide the active sites responsible for the catalytic maximum. These results demonstrate the ability to adjust systematically a structural feature (i.e., Pd surface coverage) to yield a more active material.

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Keywords
Nitrophenol; Catalysis; Palladium; Gold; Nanoparticle; Bimetallic; Structure
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Catalysis Today - Volume 264, 15 April 2016, Pages 31–36
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us