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Application of nanofiltration for production of 1,3-propanediol in membrane bioreactor

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
53348 46963 2016 7 PDF Available
Title
Application of nanofiltration for production of 1,3-propanediol in membrane bioreactor
Abstract

•Studies of glycerol fermentation by Citrobacter freundii bacteria.•Fermented broth separated by nanofiltration.•Reuse of NF retentate for broth separation.

Biodiesel production from rapeseed oil generates various by-products, for example crude glycerol. Glycerol can be utilized by microbial conversion to 1,3-propanediol (1,3-PD), which can be used as a raw material for the synthesis of polyesters and polyurethanes. The results of studies on the synthesis of 1,3-PD from glycerol by use of Citrobacter freundii bacteria were presented. A biosynthesis cost is generally determined based on the costs of nutrients used for culture medium preparation and the costs of broth separation by integrated downstream processes. In this work nanofiltration (NF) was used as a pre-treatment stage for 1,3-PD separation from the broth. Additionally, the NF retentate was reused for the preparation of culture medium, resulting in a change of the initial composition of broth. The catalytic activity of enzymes is strongly affected by broth composition. However, the efficiency of batch fermentations based on the commercial media and NF retentate was similar. Thus, the application of NF process enables a cheaper production of 1,3-PD by biosynthesis. The influence of some broth ingredients, such as carboxylic acids, on variations of biocatalytic properties of used bacteria was discussed.

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Keywords
Biocatalysis; Membrane bioreactor; Citrobacter freundi; 1,3-propanediol; Nanofiltration
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Catalysis Today - Volume 268, 15 June 2016, Pages 164–170
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us