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Hydrogen spillover in the Fischer–Tropsch synthesis: An analysis of platinum as a promoter for cobalt–alumina catalysts

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
53379 46966 2016 11 PDF Available
Title
Hydrogen spillover in the Fischer–Tropsch synthesis: An analysis of platinum as a promoter for cobalt–alumina catalysts
Abstract

•H-spillover in Pt promoted Co FT catalyst studied with mixture of Pt/Al2O3 + Co/Al2O3.•Pt improves Co reduction despite physical separation of Pt from Co via spillover.•TPR, TGA, XRD and XPS show that Co3O4 reduces via formation of a CoO intermediate.•Pt has slight effect on Co3O4 → CoO reduction but greatly improves CoO → Co0 reduction.•During FT, spillover results in more CH4 and higher TOF due to cleansing effect of H.

Hydrogen spillover has been invoked to explain the functioning of platinum as a promoter in cobalt-based Fischer–Tropsch catalysts. In this study, the operation of Pt was investigated using a model hybrid catalyst (i.e. mixture of Pt/Al2O3 + Co/Al2O3) which allowed for decoupling of hydrogen spillover effects from those requiring direct Pt–Co contact. Pt improved the reducibility of the hybrid catalyst despite physical separation of Pt from Co.TPR, TGA, in situ XRD and quasi in situ XPS confirmed that supported Co3O4 reduced via formation of CoO as a stable intermediate. Pt had only a slight effect on Co3O4 → CoO reduction, but greatly improved the CoO → Co0 reduction which was severely hindered by interaction with the alumina support. The catalysing effect of Pt on the reduction was attributed to H2 dissociation and its subsequent spillover occurring more readily than direct H2 activation by the cobalt oxides. During the Fischer–Tropsch reaction, the role of spillover hydrogen was again invoked to explain the higher TOF and enhanced selectivity towards CH4 and paraffins. Spillover from Pt was proposed to induce a hydrogen-rich microenvironment that resulted in a ‘cleansing’ effect on the catalyst surface and an increase in the selectivity of hydrogenated products.

Graphical abstractTemperature-programmed reduction (TPR-TCD) profiles of 20% Co/Al2O3, hybrid Pt–Co (i.e. physical mixture of 0.5% Pt/Al2O3 + 20% Co/Al2O3) and 0.5% Pt–20% Co/Al2O3. Reduction of hybrid Pt–Co improved despite Pt/Co separation in accordance with a hydrogen spillover mechanism.Figure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload high-quality image (190 K)Download as PowerPoint slide

Keywords
Hydrogen spillover; Hybrid catalysts; Noble metal promoter; TPR; TGA; In situ XRD; In situ XPS
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Hydrogen spillover in the Fischer–Tropsch synthesis: An analysis of platinum as a promoter for cobalt–alumina catalysts
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Catalysis Today - Volume 261, 1 March 2016, Pages 17–27
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
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Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us